Bolivarianism & Marxism: Commitment to the Impossible in Defense of Utopia

Jesús Santrich, W. T. Whitney, Jr. Translator’s introduction Colombian troops killed Jesús Santrich in Venezuela on May 17, 2021. Santrich was a leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and spokesperson for the FARC’s negotiating team during peace talks with the Colombian government that ended in 2016. In this essay from March of 2009,…

Cabral Was Right About Class Suicide

Brian Mathenge and  Mohammed Elnaiem Image by Anastasya Eliseeva</a The class interests of the petit bourgeoisie are focused on becoming the sort of bourgeoisie typified by some colonisers in the colonial era. In January 1966, Amilcar Cabral, who led the war of independence against Portuguese colonialism in Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, gave an address at…

How Amilcar Cabral Shaped Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy

Curry Malott Frantz Fanon’s influence on Paulo Freire’s thought is well known, but the Brazilian educator also drew considerably from Amílcar Cabral, the revolutionary intellectual from Guinea-Bissau. Amílcar L Cabral was born 12 September 1924 in Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau, one of Portugal’s African colonies. He was murdered on 20 January 1973 by fascist Portuguese assassins just…

Amefricanity: The Black Feminism of Lélia Gonzalez

Raquel Barreto Though a quarter of the total population, black women represent just 2% of the legislative body of Brazil’s federal government, the National Congress. Yet their visibility in public debate has grown radically in recent years with younger activists beginning to occupy spaces in media, academia and the arts. Lélia Gonzalez (1935-1994) has become…

Celebrating Revolutionary African Women

Ready for Revolution After Emory Douglas, 1968 © Lázaro Abreu Padrón, OSPAAAL, The Mike Stanfield Collection Like many things with socialist origins, International Working Women’s Day has been repackaged by capitalism and imperialism. Far from how it started, mainstream celebrations of Women’s Day and Women’s History Month now infer that all women’s struggles are the…

Lélia Gonzalez: A Brazilian Thinker

Raquel Barreto Lélia Gonzalez, Rio de Janeiro (1980). Foto: Januário Garcia We are not born, but rather become, Black. This is a tough, cruel undertaking that continues to develop throughout our lives. This is where the matter of identity that you continuously build comes into play. This Black identity is not something that is done,…