Amefricanity: The Black Feminism of Lélia Gonzalez

Raquel Barreto Though a quarter of the total population, black women represent just 2% of the legislative body of Brazil’s federal government, the National Congress. Yet their visibility in public debate has grown radically in recent years with younger activists beginning to occupy spaces in media, academia and the arts. Lélia Gonzalez (1935-1994) has become…

Until All Are Free: Black Feminism, Anarchism, and Interlocking Oppression

Hillary Lazar If Black women were free, it would mean that everyone else would have to be free since our freedom would necessitate the destruction of all the systems of oppression.  —The Combahee River Collective We are all feminists, united in our recognition that women’s subordination exists. Our struggle needs to be fought alongside the…

Africana Womanism vs. Black Feminism

Solyana Bekele African women gathered in a front of a banner that says “Women’s liberation” “The reclamation of African women via identifying our own collective struggle and acting upon it is a key step toward human harmony and survival.” Clenora Hudson-Weems Africana Womanism and Black Feminism are two different approaches that attempt to redefine and…

Lélia Gonzalez: A Brazilian Thinker

Raquel Barreto Lélia Gonzalez, Rio de Janeiro (1980). Foto: Januário Garcia We are not born, but rather become, Black. This is a tough, cruel undertaking that continues to develop throughout our lives. This is where the matter of identity that you continuously build comes into play. This Black identity is not something that is done,…

Extending the Imagination of African Gender Thought

Amir Curry African women combat unique oppression. Cisheteropatriarchy, racial capitalism, colorism, and so forth. However, there are specific historical and cultural realities many African women exist within that are distinct to continental African women. Mary Modupe Kolawole, in her 2002 Agenda article addresses the necessity to broaden accessibility to gender theory and practices, “The number…

Sister Outsider

Sister Outsider Essays and Speeches Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches is a collection of essential essays and speeches written by Audre Lorde, a woman who wrote from the particulars of her identity: Black woman, poet, activist, cancer survivor, mother, and feminist writer. Sister Outsider is a groundbreaking essential contribution to Black feminism, Postcolonial feminism, gay…