Who Killed Malcolm X and Why?

Stephen Millies“And we will know him then for what he was and is―a  prince―our own Black shining prince!―who didn’t hesitate to die, because he loved us so.” That was how the legendary actor Ossie Davis ended his eulogy at Malcolm X’s funeral. Over a half-century later, two of the convicted assassins of Malcolm X, Muhammad…

Black August, COINTELPRO & Learning the Important Lessons

Ahjamu Umi As 2021 moves along, there are a number of things that, like the sun following the moon, remain constant. The international capitalist system continues to utilize its control over our brain waves to promote, institutionalize, and normalize lies, confusion, and misinformation. The masses of humanity continue to resist this oppression in any number…

Malcolm X: The Black Messiah

Ameer Hasan Loggins, Ph.D “I now introduce to you, a man that would give his life for his people,” Benjamin 2X told the crowd in the Audubon Ballroom. That would be the last time 2X would have the honor to make such an introduction. Because on that day, February 21, 1965, in front of close…

“The Crime of Being Born Black on American Soil”: Claudia Jones’s Statement Before Being Sentenced, February 2, 1953

The Black Agenda Review Claudia Jones and fellow targeted comrades Claudia Jones’s arrests and eventual deportation were part of the expansion of the US government’s Cold War attacks on immigrants—Black immigrants included—who were affiliated with the Communist Party. “The Negro witness [William Garfield] Cummings laughed at the thought of his $10,000 Judas gold jingling in his…

The Assassination of Fred Hampton: A Short People’s History

Flint Taylor <Chicago cops laugh as they carry Fred Hampton’s bullet-ridded body fromm the murder scene. Hampton’s body was dragged from the bloodstained bed to the hallway floor, to be displayed as the raiders’ trophy “He’s good and dead now.” Introduction Fifty-one years ago this past week, Illinois Black Panther leaders Fred Hampton and Mark…