Black Women Against White Supremacist Empire women played a central role in the fight against European colonization, said Annette Joseph Gabriel, professor of French and Francophone Studies at the University of Michigan and author of the book, “Reimagining Liberation: How Black Women Transformed Citizenship in the French Empire.” Joseph-Gabriel examines the lives and struggles of seven women activists who “understood that white supremacy was global in scale and scope, and that the resistance – and imagining of new worlds – also had to be global,” she said.